Concern over escalating tensions between the United States and China has taken center stage at the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA), with Secretary-General Antonio Guterres warning against a “new Cold War”.
Opening a virtual “general debate” of world leaders – a first in the UN’s 75-year history – Guterres said on Tuesday that the world was “moving in a very dangerous direction”.
“We must do everything to avoid a War,” he said.
“This World cannot afford a future where the two largest economies split the globe in a Fracture – which has its own trade, financial rules, Internet and artificial intelligence capacities.
“A technological and economic divide risks turning into a geo-strategic and military divide. We must avoid this at any cost.”
The stark warning came as Washington and Beijing clash on several issues, ranging from trade, technology, and the coronavirus pandemic to US support for Taiwan as well as China’s claims in the South China Sea and its crackdown in Hong Kong and Xinjiang.
The rivalry between the two powers was in full display at the UNGA as US President Donald Trump, in a very short virtual speech, urged the world body to hold Beijing “accountable” for failing to contain the virus that was first recorded in the Chinese city of Wuhan and has killed more than 200,000 Americans and nearly 1 million people worldwide.
Chinese ambassador refused accusations against Beijing as “totally baseless”.
“At this moment, the world needs more solidarity and cooperation, rather than a confrontation,” UN Ambassador Zhang Jun said.
“We should increase mutual confidence and trust, not the spreading of the political virus.”
‘War will benefit no one’
Xi’s address contained what seemed to be an implicit rebuke to Trump, calling for a worldwide response to the coronavirus and a leading role for the WHO, which the US president has announced plans to leave.
“We should enhance solidarity and get through this together,” Xi said.
“We should follow the guidance of science, give full play to the leading role of the World Health Organization, and launch a joint international response and any effort to politicize the issue or stigmatization, must be rejected.”
China has projected its image as the chief cheerleader for multilateralism during a time when Donald Trump’s disregard for international cooperation has led him to quit global deals on climate and Iran’s nuclear programme, as well as the WHO and the UN Human Rights Council.
Amid the tensions, French President said on Tuesday the coronavirus pandemic should shock nations into working together – and resisting a world order dominated by China and the US.
“The only solution can come from our cooperation,” he said.
The World today cannot be left to the rivalry between China and the United States, regardless of the weight in the world that these two great powers share, regardless of the history that ties us.”
On the contrary, the world will be “collectively condemned to a pas de deux” by the US and China in which everyone else is “reduced to being nothing but the sorry spectators of collective impotence, he said.
All of this meant the world must build a new order, the French leader said, urging Europe to “fully shoulder its responsibility”.
Indonesian President warned that global stability and peace could be “destroyed” if growing geo-political rivalries persist and War will not benefit anyone and there is no point in celebrating victory among ruins and becoming the largest economic power in the midst of a sinking world, the president, widely known as Jokowi, said on Wednesday.
Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte also highlighted the dangers of US-China tensions.
“Given the size and military might of the contenders, we can only imagine and be aghast at the terrible toll on human life and property that shall be inflicted if the ‘world war’ deteriorates into a real war of nuclear weapons and missiles,” he told the UNGA on Wednesday.
Chinese claims over the South China Sea has been rejected by both Indonesia and the Philippines.
In his pre-recorded speech, Duterte stressed a UN tribunal ruling upholding the Philippines’ rights over parts of the disputed waters claimed by China.
“The award is now part of international law, beyond compromise and beyond the reach of passing governments to dilute, diminish, or abandon,” Duterte said. “We firmly reject attempts to undermine it.”
The statement was seen as the Philippine leader’s strongest so far on the South China Sea dispute, given his previous pronouncements downplaying the issue in exchange for Manila’s closer geopolitical and economic ties with Beijing.
Lamenting the intensifying tensions, Duterte said: “When elephants fight, it is the grass that gets trampled flat”.
Then imploring countries with interests in the South China Sea and other global flashpoints, he said: “If we cannot be friends as yet, then in God’s name, let us not hate each other too much.”